Harvesting marine knowledge
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  • Research

    SALT is founded on a fundament of scientific knowledge. Our goal is to contribute in acquiring even more knowledge about the seas, marine resources and coastal value creation. With knowledge as a tool we can gather the answers to both small and big research questions. Blue questions connected to the marine ecosystem, the application of the silver of the seas and coastal inhabitants. Join us in gathering blue research knowledge!

    Reference projects
     
    DEVOTES

    DEVOTES

    DEVOTES is a Collaborative EU-project funded for 4 years. The goal of DEVOTES is to better understand the relationship between pressures from human activities and climatic influences and their effects on marine ecosystems. SALT is one of 23 partners. SALT is responsible for research and the final conference in Brussels in October 2016.

     
    LoVe MarinEco

    LoVe MarinEco

    SALT is responsible for the public outreach of an ongoing research programme aiming to provide new knowledge on marine ecosystems outside of the islands Lofoten, Vesterålen and Senja.

     
    MALINOR – Mapping marine litter in the Norwegian and Russian Arctic Seas

    MALINOR – Mapping marine litter in the Norwegian and Russian Arctic Seas

    While plastic appeared to be a great invention as described by the french philosopher Roland Barthes in Mythologies (1957) who used the term “a plasticized world” for the benefit of all, today the enthusiasm for plastic would certainly not be the same. 8.3 Billion tons of plastic have been produced between 1950 to 2015 of which some ends up in the sea generating the so-called “marine litter” which poorly degrades, accumulates on the sea floor and on the shoreline causing major visual impact but also severe harm to marine life throughout the ecological chain. Marine litter is also present and increasing in the Arctic. While some mapping and characterization has been done, major gaps of knowledge to understand where the litter is distributed throughout the Norwegian, Barents, Kara Seas and the high Arctic and what it’s characteristics and sources are, remain unexplored.

    In this project, the main objective is to map areas of marine litter and describe its characteristics in the Arctic in collaboration with Russian institutions with a multi-disciplinary approach. We will extract data from the scientific & grey literature on the distribution of litter in the Norwegian Russian Arctic, identify ongoing activities on this topic both in Norway and Russia, build up a joint Norwegian Russian database, perform mapping using multidisciplinary approaches (robotics, digital solutions, GIS, satellite pictures), Collect offshore data using research cruises of opportunity, develop a predictive tool for litter distribution, and importantly, disseminate the findings to the students, public and policy makers both nationally in Norway and Russia and also internationally (EU, UNEP, Arctic Council). Through such a project, we believe that thorough science, along with professional communication to kids, education of students and delivering high quality information to policy makers, the enthusiasm for plastic may rise again!

     
    Marine Debris Action Planner (MAP)

    Marine Debris Action Planner (MAP)

    Effective site selection is a key component of maximizing litter removal during coastal clean-up actions, particularly along complex and remote coastlines, such as we have in the Arctic. SALT is therefore developing a GIS-based predictive model to identify marine litter hotspots in collaboration with GRID-Arendal; mostly in Lofoten, but we are also working to generalize the model nationally and internationally.

    The model is based on identifying the characteristics of the coastline affecting the potential for litter accumulation. Work with beach gradient, for example, has revealed a clear threshold value where high densities of litter are extremely unlikely along shores steeper than approximately 20 degrees. Other factors being investigated include coastline shape, fetch and orientation of the coastline relative to prevailing winds, and substrate. In addition, we are also investigating correlations between litter densities and proximity to local sources of litter, such as population density in the surrounding area, distance to nearest road, river and port, and the amount of nearby fishing activity.

    The model is quantitative in nature, and based on rigorous field work, followed by independent validation in the field. Consequently, the model stands apart from most other beach litter hotspots modeling efforts as being underpinned by actual registrations of beach litter.

    A preliminary study was completed in Lofoten in 2017. Extensive field work has been carried out in 2018, and a completed model for Lofoten and Vesterålen will be ready in the first half of 2019. Field work and further model development nationally will also be carried out in Finnmark and an area in southern Norway in 2019. International model development and testing will take place in 2020.

     
    Non-Commercial Values Attached to Marine Resources in the Coastal Zone

    Non-Commercial Values Attached to Marine Resources in the Coastal Zone

    SALT is one of the collaborators in a research project aiming to study how the local population along the coast appreciate marine resources.

     
    Ocean Plastic

    Ocean Plastic

    OCEAN PLASTIC Marine plastic pollution from the Norwegian seafood sector – mapping, quantification and mitigation:

    The key objective of HAVPLAST is to reduce plastic pollution into the marine environment from the Norwegian fisheries and aquaculture sectors. Concrete mitigative measures will be suggested based on research on sources and quantities of plastic pollution from each sector. Relevant indicators will be suggested to measure the effects of mitigative measures suggested.

    Andre prosjekter om research